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# Tango Notation

One of the most frustrating elements of learning tango is reproducibility: the ability to accurately record and reproduce a sequence of steps away from lesson.

To do this, one requires a notation system in which both the lead's and follower's steps are defined. Below is described a notation system to do just that.

## Rasche Notation

- by Thomas Rasche

An example of Rasche Notation is shown below:

The Rasche Notation has the following components:
• The notation describes destinations of movements.
• Movements are described via a stave which is a similar system to music, in which there exist five lines and four spaces on which music is written.
• The Rasche stave combines music, phrases and steps by defining the Compás (C), Description (D), Man (M) and Woman (W) into separate lines of information.
• Compás (C): counts 1 to 8 of the music phrase, and which section within the music this phrase occurs. It may also show the beats between the accents.
• Description (D): shows the dance phrases and notes. It may also show the time sequence in minutes and seconds for a video, for example.
• Man (M): describes the lead's steps and movements.
• Woman (W): describes the follower's steps and movements.
• Only essentials are written
Common Rasche symbols:
• {…}: used to summarise a dance step, for example if the couple were to walk from phrase 1 to 5, there would be shown "{walk" at phrase 1 and "}" at phrase 5
• L: left foot
• R: right foot
• M: man
• W: woman
• 1…12: direction per a clock's face, from the man's perspective
• (1)…(12): direction per a clock's face, from the woman's perspective
• #: close step in which the free foot steps besides the standing foot
• S: side step
• F: forward step
• \$: \$ide step including pivot
• B: back step
• C+: lower body clockwise pivot
• C-: lower body anti-clockwise pivot
• T: torsion when the upper body rotates above the hip
• %: step between partner’s feet
• Π: full weight transfer
• ∩: partial weight transfer
• g: gancho
Note that the Rasche Notation can be found in http://www.tangonote.com/raschenotation/index.htm, which includes a description of Rasche's book of the notation.

Free software is available on http://www.xs4all.nl/~bolderf/07e.htm to animate dance steps using Rasche Notation, developed by Fred Bolder.

Rasche writes of his notation:
If you wanted to write down your Tango, how would you do it?

Tango is a dance, so writing it down in any form will only be a shadow of what the dance really is. Any representation in words (or symbols or graphics) is a ‘notation’.

Ultimately, the writing will never perfectly describe dance. So, if someone chooses to write it down, then this reveals choices: the choice of what to describe and what not to describe. The choices that are made become clear, when recognizing for whom the writing is intended, and also how the notation is subdivided or structured.

...Rasche Notation is a system where the choices are also clear. It assumes a knowledge of Tango. It describes the destination of steps, rather than how they are led. The intention is to condense and abbreviate what would otherwise be a large amount of long hand writing, so that the document can be read more quickly, and so that it can more easily be related to music (also abbreviated into the Compas line). This is done with clear definitions of symbols and a syntax, thereby ensuring clear understanding of what is meant. For example, the six fundamental steps can be described. Furthermore, the extent and qualities of these can also be described, should it be desired. Dancing in a robotic way is not implied: a step can be taken, either well or badly, but it may still be placed to the same destination.
It is the opinion of the owner of Very Tango that the Rasche Notation system succeeds in what it seeks to do: to record, simply and succinctly, the steps and body positions of the lead and follower relative to the music. It cannot, nor does it purport to be a, a substitute for lessons, nor can it record every subtlety and nuance of every movement. However compared to all other dance notation systems that I have seen (such as Labanotation) it is infinitely easier to use and understand.

## Rasche Notation Example

Below is shown a video of a tango, and the notation thereof.

Damián Esell and Nancy Louzán

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